Saturday, April 9, 2011

A Twist In The Tale

Good news is that the tigers may have beaten back threats to its existence for now. But increasingly it appears that the sleek predator’s future in intertwined with that of humans.

Managing these competency interests may be the main challenge for the conservation in the21st century.

Problem in Detail:

Indian tiger population is on the rise but their habitat is shrinking. Are we poised for conflict between humans and the big cats?

Here’s the irony of the tiger numbers released on Monday. The rise in India’s big cat population, which according to the census figures has grown by 12%, brings with it threats of conflict with humans on a scale not seen before.

The Figures:

Uttarakhand – From 47 to 225

Karnataka – From 10 to 300

Uttar Pradesh – 13to 120

Madhya Pradesh – 43 to 257

Tamil Nadu – 87 to163

In a Nutshell:

The main growth in tiger’s number between the last two census exercises has taken place around well-protected tiger reserves which are close to their holding capacity for the large predator. This means tigers are increasingly moving closer to human populations, increasing the chances of conflict and harm to all concerned – the stripped predators, livestock and humans.

Start of a Horror Story:

Tigers are territorial animals. Rising numbers usually goes hand in hand with an increase in their territory. Even though tiger densities do rise with an increase in prey base, there’s a limit.

Expert says that they found tigers moving up and down, looking for new territories and moving closer to habitations."Radio collaring of tigers since 2006 has provided us rich information about their movements. For Intance, they found one tiger which travelled from Kanha to Pench and the back to Kanha."

The Biggest Question We have Now:

It’s relatively easy to mange reserved forests. But how do we mange forests with human habitations? We can’t just turn them into national parks. There are so many factors to consider. We need a national strategy for these areas if serious man- animal conflicts are to be solved.

Thoughts by Our Government:

The government has previously given this problem some thought. In 2005, before the landmark Forest Right Act was promulgated, Prime Minister Man Mohan Singh set up a task force to suggest new ways of conservation that would safeguard the interests of wildlife and humans.

The shrinking of forests will lead to the isolation of the ‘Source populations’ of tigers. Source populations are tigers found in stable numbers at the particular geographical area – in India’s case various tiger reserves and national parks. Source populations are the well springs that sustain tiger numbers. But if they are cut off from other tiger areas, increasing inbreeding weakens the predator strain.

Saturday, May 22, 2010

A different approach to understand the relation we share with the Big Cat

Keep efforts to understand the importance of each and every member of our ecology. Many people think that the projects like PROJECT TIGER is all about protecting the life of tiger only! But, it is not true. Tiger is not only responsible for life of its own but it's also necessary to maintain the balance of the whole ecosystem. Tiger is at the top of the food chain and if the tiger becomes extinct, a drastic change would result on earth.
Climate change, global warming, extinction of other species of birds and animals are other big issues of this era and these phenomenon are inter-related. When we become more aware of the effect we have on our environment, our understanding of the relationship with the big cat will change.

Our efforts are too late

Losing tigers is the biggest pain of this time. Tiger is our national animal and we want to conserve it but our efforts have been too few and too late..get closer to the natural life and feel the pain of the ecosystem which is slowly losing its favourite and the first child. Ecosystem loves all the members of its family but tiger is on the top! Ecosystem starts with the name of tiger and life in the jungles flourishes under the supervision of the King Tiger. But, these days the life of the King itself is in trouble. And this King cannot even ask for help...

There were plenty of tigers across Asia till the end 18th century. Until the middle of 18th century, whenever there was a battle between men and tigers, the tigers usually won because the weapons used by men were not so advanced. But, by 1750, firearms became more efficient and hunting of animals had become a sport. This led to killing of a large number of not only tigers but other species of animals too. Large tracts of forest areas began to be cleared by greedy men. The deforestation led to a big loss of herbivores animals. Hence carnivores like tiger too became less. Deforestation also meant loss of a big supply of fresh oxygen air.

By the turn of the 20th century, there were 40,000 tigers which lived in India but due to excessive poaching for greed of tiger skin, tooth etc, this figure came down to 2,000 by 1970. Before the Wildlife Protection Act 1972, a national ban on the hunting of tigers was clamped in the year 1970.
The first-ever All India Tiger Census in the year 1972 revealed that only 1,872 tigers had survived. On first April 1973, `Project Tiger' was launched by the Government of India on the recommendation of Special Task Force of the Indian Board of Wildlife. The main objectives were to maintain the viable population of tigers in India for scientific, economic, aesthetic, cultural and ecological values and also to preserve the areas of such biological importance as national heritage, for the benefit, education and employment of the people. An amendment was made in the Wildlife (Protection) Act in 2006 which paved way for creation of National Tiger Conservation Authority and a separate statutory body for the investigation of wildlife crimes.

Its our mistake. Take the reason of the thing into your mind and then look forward. The past cannot be changed. The future is yet in your power

Wednesday, February 24, 2010

Why Indian's should feel more responsible about the Extinction of Tigers:

India is home to the world's largest population of tigers in the wild.According to the World Wildlife Fund, of the 3,500 tigers around the world, 1,400 are found in India.

A major concerted conservation effort, known as Project Tiger, has been underway since 1973, which was initially spearheaded by Indira Gandhi.
The program has been credited with tripling the number of wild Bengal tigers from roughly 1,200 in 1973 to over 3,500 in the 1990s.

However, a tiger census carried out in 2007, whose report was published on February 12, 2008, stated that the wild tiger population in India declined by 60% to approximately 1,411.
Additionally, eight new tiger reserves in India are being set up.Indian officials successfully started a project to reintroduce the tigers into the Sariska Tiger Reserve.

More About Project Tiger

Project Tiger is a wildlife Conservation movement initiated in India in 1972 to protect the Bengal Tiger's. The project aims at tiger conservation in specially constituted tiger reserves representative of various biogeographical regions throughout India. It strives to maintain a viable population of this conservation reliant species in their natural environment.Project Tiger helped increase the population of these tigers from 1,200 in the 1970s to 3,500 in 1990s.
However, a 2008 census held by Government of India revealed that the tiger population had dropped to 1,411. Since then the government has pledged US$153 million to further fund the project, set-up a Tiger Protection Force to combat poachers, and fund the relocation of up to 200,000 villagers to minimize human-tiger interaction.

Tiger Reserves in India

There are 41tiger reserves in India which are governed by Project Tiger.The largest Tiger Reseve is the NagarjunaSagar-Srisailam Abhayaranyam of Andhra Pradesh.

Kaziranga Tiger Reserve in Assam
Manas Tiger Reserve in Assam
Nameri Tiger Reserve in Assam
Namdapha Tiger Reserve in Arunachal Pradesh
Pakhui Tiger Reserve in Arunachal Pradesh
Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve in Andhra Pradesh
Valmiki Tiger Reserve in Bihar
Indravati Tiger Reserve in Chhattishgarh
Palamau Tiger Reserve in Jharkhand
Bandipur Tiger Reserve in Karnataka
Nagarhole (extension) Tiger Reserve in Karnataka
Bhadra Tiger Reserve in Karnataka
Periyar Tiger Reserve in Kerala
Annamalai-Parambikulam Tiger Reserve in Kerala/Tamil Nadu
Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve in Madhya Pradesh
Bori-Satpura Tiger Reserve in Madhya Pradesh
Kanha Tiger Reserve in Madhya Pradesh
Panna Tiger Reserve in Madhya Pradesh
Pench Tiger Reserve in Madhya Pradesh
Ratapani Tiger Reserve in Madhya Pradesh
Melghat Tiger Reserve in Maharashtra
Pench Tiger Reserve in Maharashtra
Tadoba-Andhari Tiger Reserve in Maharashtra
Sahyadri Tiger Reserve in Maharashtra
Dampa Tiger Reserve in Mizoram
Simlipal Tiger Reserve in Orissa
Sunabeda Tiger Reserve in Orissa
Ranthambhore Tiger Reserve in Rajasthan
Sariska Tiger Reserve in Rajasthan
Kalakad-Mundathurai Tiger Reserve in Tamil Nadu
Mudumalai National Park in Tamil Nadu
Annamalai-Parambikulam Tiger Reserve in Tamil Nadu/Kerala
Dudhwa Tiger Reserve in Uttar Pradesh
Pilibhit Tiger Reserve in Uttar Pradesh
Corbett Tiger Reserve in Uttaranchal
Buxa Tiger Reserve in West Bengal
Sunderbans Tiger Reserve in West Bengal
Udanti & Sitanadi Tiger Reserve in Chattisgarh
Satkosia Tiger Reserve in Orissa
Achanakmar Tiger Reserve in Chattisgarh
Dandeli-Anashi Tiger Reserve in Karnataka
Sanjay Dubri Wildlife Sanctuary Guru Ghasidas National Park in Madhya Pradesh
Banerghatta tiger and lion reserve in Karnataka

About Bengal tiger

The Bengal tiger, or Royal Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris[1], previously Panthera tigris bengalensis), is a subspecies of tiger, found in India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Burma, and southern Tibet. The Bengal tiger is the most numerous of the tiger sub-species. According to WWF there are about 2,100 Royal Bengal tigers in the wild today, including 1,411 in India, 450 in Bangladesh, 150 in Nepal, 100 in Bhutan, as well as a number in Burma and China.The Bengal tiger is historically regarded as the second largest subspecies after the Siberian tiger.The tiger Panthera tigris is the national animal of India.

Tuesday, February 9, 2010

Save Tigers- Indian National Animal is fighting for its Life

The Seriousness of the problem :

TIGERS ON the threshold of extinction. According to WWF, Tigers are amongst the ten most endangered species in the world. Over the last century more than 95 per cent of the Tiger population has been wiped out & three sub-species are already extinct. Less than 3500 tigers remain in the wild today with around 50 per cent in India and their numbers are declining fast. The world is abuzz with news, views and moves in a bid to save the Tiger.

Indian National Animal :

Tigers are the largest and the heaviest animal and national animal of India. Not only is the tiger a beautiful animal but it is also the indicator of the forest's health. The whole world has around one lakh tigers with India only having 40,000 Tigers in the wild at the start of this century. But now just 1411 tigers left in India as per the last count, the government is worried on how to save the national animal. This is one of the prime concerns of the nation right now. The rich biodiversity and natural capital of India can be witnessed in the Tiger Sanctuaries.

But now Our National Animal is fighting for its life!

Why is this happening :

Major population losses & extinction are being faced by Tigers. For sport, skins & body parts, Tigers are murdered. It is mainly because of poaching for tiger fur, bones and other tiger products and loss of their natural habitat due to climate changing and human activities like logging, farming and encroachment of forests.

Some Facts About Tigers :

From around 40,000 tigers at the turn of the last century, there are just 1411 tigers left in India.

2009 was the worst year for tigers in India, with 86 deaths reported.

There are 37 Tiger sanctuaries in India. However, 17 sanctuaries are on the verge of losing their tiger population.

Corbett National Park is the oldest tiger park in India. It was created in 1936 as ‘Hailey National Park’.

There are nine subspecies of the tiger and three of them are extinct. The surviving subspecies are the Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) found in India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Myanmar, the Indochinese tiger or Corbett's tiger (Panthera tigris corbetti) found in Cambodia, China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam, the Malayian Tiger (Panthera tigris jacksoni), found in the southern part of the Malay Peninsula, the Sumatran Tiger (Panthera tigris sumatran), found only on the island of Sumatra in Indonesia, the Siberian Tiger (also known as the Amur, Manchurian tiger, or North China tiger) (Panthera tigris altaica), found only in Siberia, and the South China tiger (also known as the Amoy or Xiamen tiger) (Panthera tigris amoyensis), which may be extinct and is only found in South China.

How can we save our National Pride :

Every little bit helps. You can speak up about the cause. You can write or blog about our tigers. Even staying up-to-date with tiger facts like knowledge of tiger sanctuaries, their population, news updates, etc. helps. You can also donate money to NGOs working for the cause, like WWF-India.

Can we save our tigers? Yes We Can.. Here is how!!!

Spread the Word
Let everyone know that our tigers are on the brink of extinction and that they need us. Now. You can start by joining the Save Our Tigers movement on Facebook, Twitter and YouTube, and spreading the word wherever you go – online or offline.

A short message can go a long way to help save our tigers. Let all your friends know about the movement through SMS – just type in your message and ask them to visit to join the roar.

Write to Editors
Write a letter or an email to editors of popular newspapers and magazines, asking them to support the cause and highlight the urgency to save our tigers. The more people we can reach and inform, the louder our roar will be

Organizations such as WWF and The Corbett Foundation work for tiger conservation and need our active support. If possible, you can chip in with funds, volunteer for work or donate clothes, etc. for the forest guards by tying up with such organizations.

Volunteer for Our Tigers
Your time is the most important contribution for our tigers. If you think you have the skills or the commitment to help the tigers on-site, do contact an NGO working for tiger conservation to volunteer for our tigers.

Preserve our Natural Resources
Loss of habitat is one of our tigers’ biggest problems. We can reduce pressure on forests by avoiding unnecessary use of forest-derived products, such as paper and timber.

Be a Responsible Tourist
Visit tiger sanctuaries and national parks and discover our country’s natural heritage. But please remember that the wilderness is to be experienced, not to be polluted by packets of chips, etc.

Save Tigers, In turn Save Urself :

Saving the tiger means we save the forest since the tiger cannot live in places where trees have vanished and in turn secure food and water for all. If we make sure tigers live, we will have to make sure that deer, antelope and all other animals that the tiger eats or its prey base live. To make sure that these herbivores live, we must make sure that all the trees, grass and other plants that these prey animals need for food are protected. In short, in this way the whole forest gets saved! Saving the tiger means indirectly saving the forests and in turn saving the environment that is reeling under global warming due to massive deforestation.

Felling trees takes away the precious soil, leaving behind a wasteland. The soil jams up our lakes and dams, reducing their ability to store water. By destroying the tiger's home, we not only harm tigers, but also ourselves. The tiger thus becomes the symbol for the protection of all species on our earth since it is at the top of the food-chain. This is why we sometimes call the tiger, an apex predator and an indicator of our ecosystem's health. In short, saving the tiger means saving the earth. Save tigers, save our earth!

The extent of seriousness :

If we at-least don’t take steps now, Our future generation may well put Tigers besides Dinosaurs’ and know about them as extinguish animals. If we don’t act now, We could lose this part of our heritage forever. So Dear Friends Please make your move and save our Tigers.

No matter how big or small, our support can make a difference to save our tigers. There are many credible organizations working towards tiger conservation in India, and they need our support.

Do visit and Join The Roar at Aircel's Save Our Tigers campaign.